Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie - Website Edukasi

Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie

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Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie

Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie

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B.J. HABIBIE

Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie known as BJ. Habibie was born on 25 June 1936. He was the Third President of the Republic of Indonesia (1998–1999). Habibie was born in Parepare, South Sulawesi Province to Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie and R.A. Tuti Marini Puspowardojo. His father was an agriculturist from Gorontalo of Bugis descent and his mother was a Javanese noblewoman from Yogyakarta. His parents met while studying in Bogor. When he was 14 years old, Habibie’s father died. Following his father’s death, Habibie continued his studies in Jakarta and then in 1955 moved to Germany. In 1960, Habibie received a degree in engineering in Germany, giving him the title Diplom-Ingenieur.He remained in Germany as a research assistant under Hans Ebner at the Lehrstuhl und Institut für Leichtbau, RWTH Aachen to conduct research for his doctoral degree. In 1962, Habibie returned to Indonesia for three months on sick leave. During this time, he was reacquainted with Hasri Ainun, the daughter of R. Mohamad Besari. The two married on 12 May 1962, returning to Germany shortly afterwards. Habibie and his wife settled in Aachen for a short period before moving to Oberforstbach. In May 1963 they had their first son, Ilham Akbar Habibie, and later another son, Thareq Kemal Habibie. When Habibie’s minimum wage salary forced him into part-time work, he found employment with the Automotive Marque Talbot, where he became an advisor. Habibie worked on two projects which received funding from Deutsche Bundesbahn. Due to his work with Makosh, the head of train constructions offered his position to Habibie upon his retirement three years later, but Habibie refused. Habibie did accept a position with Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm in Hamburg. There, he developed theories on thermodynamics, construction, and aerodynamics known as the Habibie Factor, Habibie Theorem, and Habibie Method, respectively. He worked for Messerschmit on the development of the Airbus A-300B aircraft. In 1974, he was promoted to vice president of the company. In 1974, Suharto requested Habibie to return to Indonesia as part of Suharto’s drive to develop the country. Habibie initially served as a special assistant to Ibnu Sutowo, the CEO of the state oil company Pertamina. Two years later, in 1976, Habibie was made Chief Executive Officer of the new state-owned enterprise Industri Pesawat Terbang Nusantara (IPTN). In 1978, he was appointed as Minister of Research and Technology. Habibie was elected vice president in March 1998. On 21 May 1998, Suharto publicly announced his resignation and Habibie was immediately sworn in as president. Habibie’s government stabilized the economy in the face of the Asian financial crisis and the chaos of the last few months of Suharto’s presidency. Since relinquishing the presidency, Habibie has spent more time in Germany than in Indonesia. However, he has also been active as a presidential adviser during Susilo Bambang Yudoyono’s presidency. In September 2006, he released a book called Detik-Detik Yang Menentukan: Jalan Panjang Indonesia Menuju Demokrasi (Decisive Moments: Indonesia’s Long Road Towards Democracy). The book recalled the events of May 1998.

Task 1: Form Completion

Fill in the blanks with information about B.J. Habibie mentioned in the reading text.

Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie
 

Task 2: Comprehension Questions

Answer the following questions by referring to the reading text about B.J. Habibie. 

1. When did Habibie’s father die? 
2. Why did Habibie move to Germany? 
3. When did Habibie receive a degree in engineering in Germany? 
4. Why did Habibie remain in Germany after getting a degree?
5. What happened to Habibie in 1962? 
6. Had Habibie met Ainun before meeting her in 1962? 
7. Where did the new couple settle in after getting married in May 1962? 
8. What was Habibie’s role in Talbot? 
9. What theory was developed by Habibie? 
10. What was Habibie’s first position when he returned to Indonesia? 
11. When was Habibie appointed CEO of IPTN? 
12. What had happened before Habibie was sworn in as a president? 

VOCABULARY EXERCISE

Complete the following sentences using the words below.

 resignation     relinquishing       sick leave

 descent         respectively         release

 settled in       retirement           sworn in         reacquainted

1. He traces his _____________ from Yogya palace.

2. She is coming here on a ____________ She will come back to the company

when she is recovered.

3. They were classmates when they were in senior high school. Now, after ten

years of separation, they are now ______________in Bandung.

4. After getting married, the young couple ___________ Minneapolis.

5. English and Arabic courses are held in Room 10 and 11 _________________

6. After his ___________, the company faces a complicated problem.

7. He was only seventeen when he was _____________ as King of Marcalaca.

8. ______________ her position as the CEO of the oil company, she mostly spend her time in New Zealand.

9. They will ____________ a new album by the end of this year to mark their 25th anniversary.


VOCABULARY EXERCISE

TEXT STRUCTURE

Recounts are used to tell about past events. Remember that a recount consist of orientation (opening), a series of events, and reorientation (closing). Individually, complete the following chart to find out the structure of the biographical recount of B.J. Habibie.

Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie

GRAMMAR REVIEW

THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE 
Observe the italicized verbs in the following sentences in the left and the right columns. What’s the difference? 

Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie

Past Tense: Irregular Verb
Make a sentence from each of the following irregular verbs.
Example:
see – saw: I saw him yesterday. 

Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie


SPEAKING

Task 1: Read the following dialog. Take turns reading it.

Nadia : Who is your idol, Rima?
Rima : My parents. What about you?
Nadia : BJ Habibie. I like him very much.
Rima : He is one of geniuses from Indonesia. He studied in Germany.
Nadia : You’re right.
Rima : He worked and stayed in Germany, right?
Nadia : He did. But he never forgets his country. He once made us proud for his
 achievement in making planes avowed by the world.
Rima : He relinquished his good job in Germany to develop his own country.
Nadia : He promised that he would share his knowledge to everyone needing it.
Rina : Now, he seems to enjoy his retirement with family.
Nadia : That’s why I love him.

Task 2: Talking about Someone Who has Made a Difference
With a partner, find from the Internet someone who has made a difference (e.g., Mother Theresa, Thomas Alva Edison, Albert Einstein, Habibie, etc.). When you have chosen the figure, use the plan to develop your notes.
Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie
 
Task 3: Sharing
Tell your partner about the figure you have chosen. Use your notes in the
previous task to help you.
1. Who was someone who made a difference?
2. Where did he/she live?
3. What did he/she do to contribute to the society?
4. What is your comment about him/her?

WRITING

Task 1: Independent Writing 
Using Habibie’s biography as a reference, write a biographical recount about your idol. Use your notes on the speaking activities to help you write.
Materi Bahasa Inggris Chapter 10 - B.J. Habibie
 
Task 2: Peer Feedback
Exchange your work with your classmate. Ask your classmate to write feedback on your writing. Then, discuss the feedback you obtain from your classmate and the one you give to your classmate.
Use the following guide to give feedback for your classmate.
- Look at the spelling: Is the spelling correct?
- Look at the use of the words: Does your classmate use suitable choice of words?
- Look at the grammar: Are your classmate’s sentences grammaticaly correct?
- Look at the references: Are the references clear and correct?
- Look at the organization: Is there any topic sentence? Are there adequate supporting sentences? Are there concluding sentences?

Task 3: Rewrite the Biographical Recount
After getting feedback from classmates, rewrite your biographical recount. To improve the content of your writing, you might need to browse the internet or read books to find more information about your idol. 

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